Case study: Achieving a Skilled India through improving TVET responsiveness industry and learner needs

In India, the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship has embarked upon a large-scale skilling effort with speed and high standards in order to achieve the government’s vision of a ‘Skilled India.’ At the provincial level, primary responsibility for programme implementation and governance lies with the state governments through respective State Skill Development Missions.  Stakeholders, including industry and other actors, work within a broad framework as envisaged in the National Policy on Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015, with the objective of empowering individuals by enabling them to realise their full potential through a process of lifelong learning with appropriate and new competencies, credible certifications, credit accumulation and credit transfer. 

To achieve this objective, the policy has four thrust areas:

  • Align supply and demand for skills by bridging existing skill gaps; promoting industry engagement; operationalising a quality assurance framework; leveraging technology; and promoting greater opportunities for apprenticeship training.
  • Address key obstacles to skilling, including low aspirational value; lack of integration with formal education; lack of focus on outcomes; low quality of training infrastructure; and lack of skills among the trainers.
  • With inclusiveness as focus, providing skilling opportunities for socially/ geographically marginalized and disadvantaged groups; and skills development and entrepreneurship programmes for women.
  • To educate and equip potential entrepreneurs, both within and outside the formal education system. Further, connecting entrepreneurs to mentors, incubators and credit markets, to foster innovation and promote entrepreneurial culture with a focus on social entrepreneurship.

The BILT project is implemented by

International Centre for Technical and Vocational Education and Training

with support of

Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training

and sponsored by

Federal Ministry of Education and Reserve

UNESCO-UNEVOC International Centre

for Technical and Vocational Education and Training

UN Campus, Platz der Vereinten Nationen 1

53113 Bonn, Germany


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